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History of photography

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Nicéphore Niépce's earliest surviving camera photograph, 1826 or 1827: View from the Window at Le Gras (Saint-Loup-de-Varennes, France)

The photographer can see the motive before taking an image by the mirror. When taking an image the mirror will swing up and light will go to the sensor instead.

 1. Camera lens

 2. Reflex mirror

 3. Focal-plane shutter

 4. I mage sensor

 5. Matte focusing screen

 6. Condenser lens

 7. Pentaprism/pentamirror

 8. Viewfinder eyepiece

Digital single-lens reflex camera

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